Ghana has a high potential for commercial fruit and vegetable production and export. However, for the country to access international markets, Ghanaian products must comply with sanitary and phytosanitary standards. Despite having signed on to the World Trade Organization’s Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Agreement, the country’s agricultural produce shipments still have significant SPS compliance challenges. Due in large part to the lack of awareness of the social, environmental, and economic costs of poor SPS compliance, many producers do not implement good agricultural practices that would mitigate these SPS issues. The lack of compliance has led to the presence of harmful organisms such as the Fruit Fly and False Coddling Moth in export shipments, resulting in severe economic impacts on producers as exports of products such as mangoes, chilies, and gourds are rejected. In 2014 the European Union (Ghana’s major export market) provided an official notice to the Government of Ghana regarding the presence of harmful organisms in Ghanaian horticultural products. The Ministry of Food and Agriculture of Ghana eventually placed a temporary ban on the export of the most affected vegetables to avoid official sanction. The affected vegetables include chili, garden eggs, pea aubergine, ravaya, marrow, turia, vegetable jute and curry leaves.
In view of these challenges, the Improving Food Safety Systems Project (IFSSP) conducted an Integrated Pest Management (IPM)-focused value chain assessment of the chili and mango to identify challenges. The assessment concluded that while mango and chili producers and SPS certification Inspectors have an appreciable level of understanding for issues relating to fruit flies, false codling moth and stone weevils, they did not display enough knowledge for the use of IPM measures for controlling crop pests. Ultimately, IPM needs to be seen as a site-specific strategy for managing pests in the most cost-effective, environmentally sound and socially acceptable way. According to the FAO of the United Nations, IPM means considering all available pest control techniques and other measures that discourage the development of pest populations, while minimizing risks to human health and the environment.
IFSSP is, therefore, seeking the services of an IPM volunteer expert to build capacity of fruit and vegetable producer associations in sound IPM practices in order to reduce crop loss through pest infestations.
Objectives of the Assignment:
1.To equip fruit and vegetable producer associations with the skills and knowledge required to carry out sound IPM practices in order to reduce crop losses through pest infestations on their farms.
2. To provide recommendations that will lead to rapid adoption of IPM measures and practices.
Tasks to be Performed:
The task to be performed will be to provide training to vegetable producer associations, especially chili producers such that they can appreciate IPM as a strategy for managing pests in the most cost-effective, environmentally sound and socially acceptable manner. In line with this, the following activities are expected to be undertaken by the volunteer;
- Review the following documents:
- Farmer-to-Farmer Programmatic PERSUAP
- List of approved pesticides for Ghana
- Report on IPM-focused value chain assessment developed under this project
- The Volunteer is also expected to work on the following together with IFSSP staff before traveling to Ghana:
- Finalization of training plan
- Development of training materials
The volunteer is encouraged to bring any media or training materials such as manuals, journals, literature, DVD/video that will serve as good resource materials for training and for the library of the IESC office in Ghana and its stakeholders.
- Attend an orientation meeting at IESC Accra office.
- Meet with the Project Country Director and team to understand the current stage of implementation of IFSSP.
- Meet and consult with pest control and quarantine officers in PPRSD.
- Provide training to members of the fruit and vegetable producer groups.
- Prepare trip report and make a presentation to field team in Accra.
- Organize a debriefing session with IFSSP and PPRSD to report feedback and discuss the suggested follow-up plans on recommendations, as well as capture impact.
End of Assignment Report and Other Deliverables Required:
The volunteer shall submit a Volunteer Trip Report, Training Material and debrief material to the field team upon completion of the assignment.
F2F Programmatic Pesticide Evaluation Report and Safer Use Action Plan (PERSUAP) Requirements:
Due to the fact that this assignment may provide indirect assistance for the use or procurement of pesticides, the volunteer will likely be in the field and may have the opportunity to encourage good practices in pesticide use and discourage bad practices. However, the volunteer is not expected to recommend or provide advice on specific pesticide active ingredients or products. For this assignment, the volunteer must do the following for a Type 2 assignment:
- Review the F2F Environmental Brochure and the F2F Programmatic Pesticide Evaluation Report-Safe Use Action Plan (PERSUAP) and shall comply with requirements described in Section 4 of the SUAP when providing “assistance for the procurement or use” of pesticides. The volunteer is not expected to provide recommendations for specific pesticide active ingredients or products, but rather to provide advice, if necessary, on safe use of pesticides, and to discourage poor practices in pesticide use, transport, mixing, storage, application, and disposal.
- Review the guidance in attachments B, C, F, and H of the PERSUAP and the information in the pesticide questionnaire that each country F2F Program submitted during the preparation of this PERSUAP, and shall be prepared to provide recommendations, based on this guidance, to recipients of F2F technical assistance.
- At his/her discretion, provide recommendations to the F2F country office for additional F2F support for pesticide safe use training, IPM, or other pesticide-related topics.
- Submit a brief report describing: (1) Limitations and successes of the PERSUAP; (2) Recommendations for additional technical assistance and training needed to improve pest and pesticide management practices; and (3) New recommendations on IPM practices and feedback on the effectiveness of IPM practices used locally